C. Paleolithic age. Only one example 54 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY of a socketted bronze adze-axe is known, which is remarkable for its technical advance and is comparable to some finds in the Caucasus region. In The Indo-Aryans of Ancient South Asia: Language, Material Culture and Ethnicity, edited by G. Erdosy, pp. Ans) C . The Bronze Age village and urban societies of the Indus Valley are some-thing of an anomaly, in that archaeologists have found little indication of local defense and regional warfare.  16) Which of the following is the most common motif of the Indus Seals [A] Unicorn [B] Bull [C] Rhinoceros [D] Elephant . Ans. By 2600 BCE, dozens of towns and cities had been established, and between 2500 and 2000 BCE the Indus Valley Civilization was at its peak. , It is called Harappan culture because it was here that the first sites of Indus valley civilization were found. A Y-shaped figure with the central vertical line extended at the top is probably 48 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY to be taken as a tree symbol and the pipal leaf is imitated in another pictograph. C. Copper and Bronze. 7000-5500 BCE. The Indus Valley Civilization was a cultural and political entity which flourished in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent between c. 7000 - c. 600 BCE. Mehrgarh is a Neolithic site whereas Indus Valley Civilization belongs to Chalcolithic age/Bronze age. This broader time range has also been called the Indus Age and the Indus Valley Tradition. Answer : A. 10) Which of the following Indus Valley Sites was discovered by RD Bannerjee [A] Kali Banga [B] Harappa [C] Lothal . le—India’s oldest known civilization—were an impressive and apparently sanitary bronze-age bunch.  This leads us to the hope that there may be a possibility of finding other contemporary or later examples of the 12 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY Indus pictographs. The Indus Valley Civilization stands as one of the great early civilizations, alongside ancient Egypt and Sumerian Civilization, as a place where human settlements organized into cities, invented a system of writing and supported an advanced culture. "When Marshall excavated the Indus Valley Civilization, he gave it the date of about 3000 BC," said Dikshit. 3,300 BCE, the Regionalisation Era has been proposed to start earlier, at 4,000 BCE to ca. Pande (ed. Ans A. Neolithic Age.  The knobbed ware mentioned before is another example of an Indus product found in Tel Asmar, which has also yielded some heart shaped inlay pieces made of bone, of the exact shape of the decorative shell fragments of the Indus Valley.  It is considered …  The Indus Valley civilization belongs to the Bronze age and was far more developed than the Chalcolithic age. From excavated remains, it is clear that the Indus Valley civilization possessed a flourishing urban architecture. 2.  C. town planning.  The phases include the Early Harappan Phase (3300 BCE to 2800 BCE), the Mature Harappan Phase (2600 BCE to 1900 B.C.E), and the Late Harappan Phase (1900 B.C.E. The Indus Valley Civilisation is named after the Indus Valley, where the first remains were found. , The perception of origins of Indus valley civilization was altered dramatically with the discovery of the extraordinary complex of culture sites on the Bolan river around Mehrgarh which was discovered and excavated under the direction of French Arhchaeologist J.F.Jarriage in 1975. (2012), the slow southward migration of the monsoons across Asia initially allowed the Indus Valley villages to develop by taming the floods of the Indus and its tributaries. We may all called it as the successor of "PreHistoric India", that we will revise at the end of Indus Valley Civilization. It is a period of integration of various smaller cultures. Town Planning and Drainage System.  Baluchistan is also another proba- ble source of copper, and two other localities, namely, Oman in Arabia anct Singbhum (where the mines are still used) have also been suggested on account of the appreciable amount of nickel, which is found in the products of their mines and is also detected in flie analysis of the Indus Valley specimens. 5. Commercial, religious, and artistic connections have been recorded in Sumerian documents, where the Indus valley people are referred to as Meluhhaites and the Indus valley is called Meluhha. ADVERTISEMENTS: Ans. The authority concerned with the maintenance of the proper standard must have exercised strict control over the matter, as^the weights 30 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY issued were of a uniform type. They also exported copper, along with peacocks, ivory and cotton textiles in return for silver and other commodities. There is evidence of some level of contact between the Indus Valley Civilization and the Near East.  Urban C. Rural D. An unknown Division . Ans. C. Both A and B. D. None of these. The Indus Valley Civilization belongs to the: (a) neolithic age (b) palaeolithic age (c) chalcolithic age (d) mesolithic age There also must have existed a theatrical tradition in the Indus valley cities, but of this we have no literary numismatic or any other material proof. The donkey was undoubtedly known to the Indus Valley people, and a few bones from Harappa testify to this. 1. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. to the eighteenth century B.C.E.  One of the undoubted reasons for the decay and disappearance of the Indus civilization is the progressive desiccation of the lower Indus Valley.   Several periodisations are employed for the periodisation of the Indus Valley Civilisation. To which age the Indus Valley Civilization belongs? The Indus Valley period is well documented through the wealth of artifacts that were excavated from its magnificent cities. Indus Valley Civilization is the one of the oldest ancient civilizations of the world.Indus River Valley Civilization was discovered by the archaeologists in the 1920s. Harappa and Mohenjodaro were the largest sites of Indus Valley Civilization. d in with 28 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY a lac core. The high quality of the pottery, along with hoards of gold and silver found at Indus Valley sites, suggests great the accumulation of great wealth. 3. Question. Whatever may be the truth, the Indus people built a vast civilization that disappeared mysteriously by 1800 BC and was replaced by Vedic culture in parts of India. This indicates that Indus Valley Civilization was the most extensive among all other ancient civilizations. The evidence for planned settlements and the uniformity of Harappan artifacts suggests a strong organizational or governing force in the Indus Valley Civilization, though archaeological records provide no immediate answers.  ; It flourished in the Bronze Age (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE, pre-Harappan cultures starting c.7500 BCE) along the Indus River (hence called Indus Valley Civilization) and … Kenoyer, J. M. 1995a Interaction Systems, Specialized Crafts and Culture Change: The Indus Valley Tradition and the Indo-Gangetic Tradition in South Asia.  6 42 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY The Kashmir stag and the Sambhar deer as also the hog deer and spotted deer are represented in the Zoology of Mohenjodaro by several specimens of their horns and antlers.  Topics. At which Harappan site traces of a horse have been found?  The Indus Civilisation was preceded by local agricultural villages, from where the river plains were populated when water-management became available, creating an integrated civilisation.  The economy of this era was based on food production, and agriculture developed in the Indus Valley. One burial of discovered in the main mound at Harappa, assigned to the late period of the city's 38 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY found in this burial belong to a broad-headed northern racial type. 418 views A number of dispersed framily, villages evolved first into towns, and the into cities, from these centres, eventually arose to the first civilizations of the world, all of them located in broad river valleys the Tigris and the Euphrates in Mesopotamia, the Nile in Egypt, the Indus in India and the Hwang Ho(yellow river) in china. The Indus Script is the writing system developed by the Indus Valley Civilization and it is the earliest form of writing. 300 BC. Ans A. Neolithic Age .  The Indus civilization was predated by the first farming cultures in south Asia, which emerged in the hills of what is now called Balochistan, Pakistan, to the west of the Indus Valley.  , I referred to the possibility of further finds being made in the Gangetic valley which will enable us to have a still further change in the name of the civilization now known as the Indus civilization.   Bronze Age . Life in the Indus River Valley Civilization during its Golden Age Life was good in the Indus River Valley between 2500 and 2000 BCE. Indus Valley civilization Multiple Choice Questions(MCQs) & Answers QUESTIONS Indus Valley civilization Multiple Choice Questions(MCQs)& Answers 1 Mohenjodaro is also called as : A mound of the Great B mount of the Survivors C mount of the Living D mount of the Dead Answer: mount of the Dead 2 Identify the site where the Great… Metal age began in 5000 B.C. The Indus or Harappan Civilisation is distinguished from the other contemporary civilisations by its. The Indus Valley Civilizations had two major cities and was set for its imminent Golden Age of prosperity, trade and arts at the beginning of 2500 BCE. , Perhaps the difficulty of obtaining copper must have prevented the aboriginal inhabitants of Southern India from taking advantage of the advances in metallurgy which the Indus Valley inhabitants were utilising, and when the art of smelting iron was once introduced, the ubiquitous, supply of the ore throughout the South made a tremendous change in the habits of the people still in the neolithic stage. 56 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY One of the most knotty problems regarding the Indus civiliza- tion has been its date. If Harappa had been preserved to the same extent as MoHenjodaro, there is no doubt that it would have proved a veritable mine of information as well as a great addition to otir knowledge of the culture of the Indus valley people.  The youngest group of paintings have been in the news for a possible connection to the Indus Valley Civilisation. They show interesting objects, one a tree, pro- bably used for worship, and the other a goat about which we shall deal later when discussing the religion of the Indus valley people. Reply. The contemporary pottery of Sumer, Elam and Egypt does, however, contain human figures, and its absence in the Indus Valley is significant. and western neighbors proceeded up the Persian Gulf rather than overland. , Steatite seals have images of animals, people (perhaps gods), and other types of inscriptions, including the yet un-deciphered writing system of the Indus Valley Civilisation. Which metals were mostly used to make the tools and weapons of Harappan Civilization?  During the first twenty years of the reorganised archaeological 'department in the 20th century under the able and distinguished 4 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY guidance of Sir John Marshall, systematic efforts were made at the Buddhist sites surveyed by General Cunningham but the excavations of the religious establishments and city sites in Northern India fell far short of the results achieved in other coun- tries to the West.  One thought on “ Indus Valley Civilization(2500-1750 BC) ” Nathan Vanoort September 20, 2018.  sfn error: no target: CITEREFWright1999 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSarkar2015 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFKenoyer1007 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFParpola2-15 (, Periodization of the Indus Valley Civilization, "Origin of Early Harappan Cultures in the Sarasvati Valley: Recent Archaeological Evidence and Radiometric Dates", "Kashmir Neolithic and Early Harappan : A Linkage", "Chronology and Culture-History in the Indus Valley", "New light on the excavation of Harappan settlement at Bhirrana", Sanitation of the Indus Valley Civilisation, Inventions of the Indus Valley Civilisation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Periodisation_of_the_Indus_Valley_Civilisation&oldid=1001018231, Articles with disputed statements from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The overall period assigned to Indus Valley Civilization is 3300–1300 BC, with its mature period between 2600 to 1900 BC.   The Indus valley civilization is believed to belong to the copper stone age as the presence of iron tools and implements has not yet been established at any part of this civilization. Some stuff like canvas must also have been known, as can be inferred from the impressions left.on faience 4 26 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY seals. Reply.  1. The Aryans - nomadic northerners from central Asia, begin to migrate into the Indus Valley.   , While the Indus (or Harappan) civilization may be considered the culmination of a long process indigenous to the Indus valley, a number of parallels exist between developments on the Indus River and the rise of civilization in Mesopotamia. During 4300-3200 BCE of the chalcolithic period (copper age), the Indus Valley Civilisation area shows ceramic similarities with southern Turkmenistan and northern Iran which suggest considerable mobility and trade. It extends from 2900 BC to 1700 BC. The investigations of General Cunningham and his assistants have discovered places where not only copper tools but pictographs, carnelian beads and objects exactly similar to what are found in the Indus valley were handled in the lower Gangetic valley in the districts of Ghazipur and Benares. Outposts of the Indus Valley civilisation were excavated as far west as Sutkagan Dor in Pakistani Balochistan, as far north as at Shortugai on the Amu Darya (the river's ancient name was Oxus ) in current Afghanistan, as far east as at Alamgirpur, Uttar Pradesh, India and as far south as at Malwan, in modern-day Surat, Gujarat, India.  Log in Join now Primary School. 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